Types of Acne – Definition
Types of Acne are a common skin condition that causes pimples, mainly on the face, forehead, chest, shoulders and upper back. There are a variety of causes, including genetics, fluctuating hormone levels, stress, high humidity and using oily or greasy personal care products. Acne commonly affects teenagers but can occur at any age.
Bacteria and dead skin cells. Acne is a common skin condition where the pores of your skin become blocked by hair. Those blockages produce blackheads, whiteheads, nodules and other types of pimples. If you have acne, know you’re not alone. It’s the most common skin condition that people experience. It’s estimated that 80% of people ages 11 to 30 will have at least a mild form of acne, and most people are affected by it at some point in their lives.
The Different Types of Acne
The most common spots where you might have acne are your face, forehead, chest, shoulders and upper back. Oil glands are all over your body, but those are the places where there are the most. The best way to treat acne depends on how severe it is. Acne can be mild.
Acne can take several forms. They include:
Blackheads: Open bumps on the skin filled with excess oil and dead skin. They look as if dirt has been deposited in the bow, but an irregular light reflection causes the dark spots of the clogged follicle.
Whiteheads: Bumps that remain closed by oil and dead skin.
Papules: Small red or pink bumps that become inflamed.
Pustules: Pimples containing pus. They look like whiteheads surrounded by red rings. They can cause scarring if picked or scratched.
Fungal Acne: This type occurs when an excess of yeast develops in the hair follicles. They can become itchy and inflamed.
Nodules: Solid pimples that are deep in your skin. They are large and painful.
Cysts: Pus-filled pimples. These can cause scars.
All of these forms of acne can affect your self-esteem. It’s best to seek help from your healthcare provider early so they can help determine the best treatment option(s) for you.
Some Types of Causes Acne
Acne is primarily a hormonal condition driven by androgen hormones, which typically become active during the teenage and young adult years. Sensitivity to these hormones — combined with surface bacteria on the skin and fatty acids within oil glands — can result in acne.
Certain things can cause acne and make it worse:
- Fluctuating hormone levels around the time of a woman’s period.
- Picking at acne sores.
- Clothing and headgear, like hats and sports helmets.
- Air pollution and certain weather conditions, exceptionally high humidity.
- Use oily or greasy personal care products (like heavy lotions, creams or hair pomades and waxes) or work in an area where you routinely contact grease (such as working at a restaurant where there are greasy food surfaces and frying oil).
- Stress, which increases cortisol, can also cause acne to flare.
- Some medications.
Some studies have linked particular foods and also diets to acne. Skim milk. Whey protein and diets high in sugar may contribute to acne flares. Chocolate has not been directly linked to acne.
Do Certain Foods Cause Acne?
For the most part, hormonal changes in the body drive acne. There is some evidence that skims milk, whey protein and also diets high in sugar may cause acne breakouts, although this remains controversial.
Eating a balanced, nutritious diet with plenty of fresh fruits and also vegetables, especially those rich in vitamin C and beta carotene, helps reduce inflammation. There is also some evidence that eating fish can help.
Can Acne Cause Scars
Acne does sometimes result in scarring. It happens when acne penetrates the skin and damages the deeper layers. Inflammation makes the acne pores swell, and also breakdown occurs in the pore wall. Scarring can, of course, be a source of anxiety, which is normal. But before it can be treated, your healthcare provider will determine what type of acne caused the scars.
There are several available treatment options. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser resurfacing, micro-needling and surgery can all be used to treat acne scars.
Treatment of several kinds of acne
Your healthcare provider may suggest some non-prescription medications for your condition. Depending on the condition’s severity, your age. The type of acne you have and also how effective the over-the-counter remedies have been, you may need more potent prescription medications.
Certain contraceptives can sometimes help a woman’s acne go away. The Food and Drug Administration has approved three types of birth control pills for treating acne. All four contain a combination of estragon.
Various medications and therapies have proven to be effective. They target the underlying factors that contribute to acne. You might require at least one or multiple, depending on the severity of your condition. Medications Applied Topically:
Benzoyl peroxide is an over-the-counter product as a leave-on gel or wash. It targets surface bacteria, which often aggravates acne. Irritation (dryness) is a common side effect. Lower concentrations and also wash formulations are less irritating to your skin.
Salicylic acid is available over-the-counter for acne as a cleanser or lotion. Salicylic acid dissolves dead skin cells to prevent your hair follicles from clogging. It helps remove the top layer of damaged skin. Azelaic acid is a natural acid found in various grains such as barley, wheat and rye. It kills microorganisms on the skin and reduces swelling.
Antibiotics control surface bacteria that aggravate and often encourage the swelling of acne. Antibiotics are more effective when combined with benzoyl peroxide. A topical gel, so which also has antibacterial properties, can use to inflame acne. It’s applied to the skin twice a day.
Topical Treatment of Acne
Oral contraceptives can help with breakouts associated with menstrual cycles. The FDA has approved three classes of medications for acne patients Ortho
Isotretinoin, an oral retinoid, is incredibly effective drug use only for the most severe cases of acne. Isotretinoin shrinks the size of oil glands, which contributes to acne formation. The most common side effect is dryness, but it can also cause congenital disabilities. Some evidence suggests a possible increased risk of ulcerative colitis and depression. Because of these risks, anyone using the drug must take part in a Food and Drug Administration-approved risk management program known as I Pledge.
See your healthcare provider as soon as you notice the pimples so that you can start treatment immediately before scarring occurs. Acne is the most common of all skin conditions and can have a profound psychosocial impact.
Many topical and also oral acne treatments contraindicate during pregnancy. If you’re a woman in your childbearing years, it’s essential to discuss acne treatments with your healthcare provider and also alert them if you become pregnant. Isotretinoin is known to cause severe congenital disabilities and also, therefore, two methods of birth control require while on this medication.
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