Blood pressure is the force or pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. When you suffer from hypertension (high blood pressure), it indicates that the pressure against your body’s blood vessel walls is constantly too high. High blood pressure is at times called the “silent killer” since you may be unaware that something is wrong, yet the damage is still being done within your body. Two digits make up your blood pressure reading. As the top number, systolic blood pressure gauges how much pressure your heart exerts on your blood vessels as it beats or contracts. The diastolic blood pressure, which gets displayed as the bottom number, gauges the force exerted by your heart when it relaxes between beats. An example of a normal blood pressure reading is 110/70.
Getting overweight or obese
When your weight increases, more blood is required to carry nutrients and oxygen to your tissues. The pressure on the artery walls rises in proportion to the blood flow in your blood vessels. Up to 75 percent of all hypertension cases may be caused by excess weight.
Your DNA has several genes associated with an increased risk of high blood pressure. Even if there is not much you can do to alter your genetic makeup, it is crucial to understand your family’s history. You may be more vulnerable if perhaps you have cases of hypertension in your family. Your blood pressure may also rise if you were born with specific physical issues. These include aortic as well as other blood vessel issues, which are frequently identified in children.
Insufficient potassium intake
Another issue is insufficient potassium. Fruits and vegetables are crucial parts of your diet because they contain potassium, which is essential for human health. Consuming 4700 Mg of potassium daily is advised by the American Heart Association (AHA). However, certain medical conditions and drugs may impact how your body metabolizes potassium. Therefore, before you make a significant adjustment to your diet, be sure to see your physician. Additionally, avoid using potassium supplements unless you and your healthcare professional regularly monitor your health.
Insufficient sodium intake
Some people have a propensity to overconsume salt. However, consuming too much of it can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure. The sources with the highest salt content are processed meals and restaurant food. Less than 2300 Mg of salt per day is advised by the most recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations. Even a 1000 Mg reduction in salt intake can have significant advantages. That is because consuming too much salt increases your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other health concerns.
The kidneys are in charge of eliminating various waste materials through urine. The kidneys’ ability to remove fluid and toxins is reduced when they aren’t functioning correctly, which can cause hypertension. The causes of kidney problems are numerous, and they are not usually immediately apparent. For instance, a clogged renal artery might cause hypertension. However, testing the blood and urine can assist in identifying the problem’s origin. Specialized imaging tests are also required in particular circumstances.
Having your blood pressure monitored at your yearly health screenings is crucial because hypertension frequently manifests with no symptoms. The earlier severe hypertension is detected, the sooner it may be managed and perhaps even reversed because it can lead to serious health problems if neglected.