How high should my blood sugar be?
How will the doctor see my blood sugar Dario Reddit – Blood sugar is a sugar that the bloodstream carries to all cells in the body to provide energy. A person needs to keep their blood sugar levels safe to reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
The blood sugar measurement immediately measures the amount of sugar transported by the blood.
People can get this sugar from their diet. However, the body also forms glucose by producing glucosand, breaking down stored glucose.
The human body regulates blood sugar levels to moderate them: enough glucose to fuel cells but not enough to overload the bloodstream.
The internal blood environment must remain stable to support the body’s vital functions.
Blood sugar levels can change throughout the day. They are lowest before the first meal of the day. Levels rise after eating and then stabilize after about an hour.
In this article, we look at ideal blood sugar target levels, provide insight into glucose, and explain how to keep blood sugar levels in the suitable range.
What is a healthy blood sugar level? – How will the doctor see my blood sugar Dario Reddit
The US National Institutes of Health estimates regular fasting blood sugar is less than 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
These values change more in people with diabetes. Rather than targeting a specific level, the goal of blood glucose management is to keep levels within a healthy range.
The American Diabetes Association recommends target levels of 80 to 130 mg/dL before meals when a person has diabetes. Blood sugar should be below 180 mg/dl within 2 hours after a meal.
High Blood Sugar
Consistently high blood sugar is part of a condition called hyperglycemia.
People with poorly controlled diabetes, Cushing’s syndrome, and other diseases often experience high blood sugar. People who take oral steroids may also experience high blood sugar while taking this drug.
Hyperglycemia usually develops when there is insufficient insulin in the body or when cells are less sensitive to insulin.
Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cells and accumulates in the blood.
Persistently high blood sugar can also lead to insulin resistance, reducing insulin sensitivity and the number of glucose cells can take up. That could eventually lead to type 2 diabetes.
Long-term complications of uncontrolled diabetes affect the small blood vessels that supply nerves, kidneys, retinas, and other organs.
Serious problems that can develop from persistently high blood sugar include:
- Vision loss
- Kidney disease leading to kidney failure
- Erectile dysfunction
- Foot ulcers
- Permanent nerve damage causing numbness and tingling
- Bad healing
- Increased risk of heart attack or stroke
Research has also linked high or low blood sugar levels to cognitive decline.
Using neural imaging, researchers have shown that people with diabetes and cognitive dysfunction may also have reduced blood flow to the brain and a range of other changes that can affect thought processes.
Low Blood Sugar
Hypoglycemia develops when blood sugar levels drop below normal. People with diabetes have a higher risk of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
Early signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include:
- Itchy lips
- Trembling in the hands and other parts of the body
- Pale face
- Palpitations or increased heart rate
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
The human brain requires a constant supply of glucose. Very low blood sugar can cause:
- Confusion and disorientation
- Difficulty concentrating
- A paranoid or aggressive mentality
Less commonly, the person may have seizures or lose consciousness. In people with diabetes, severe hypoglycemia can be fatal.
Some causes of low blood sugar can include:
- Certain medicines, for example, quinine, used to treat malaria
- You take too much insulin
- Drink alcohol without eating as the liver may not release glycogen
Certain diseases, including severe hepatitis and kidney problems anorexia
When the kidneys and liver are not working correctly, it becomes more difficult for medicines to be broken down and eliminated from the body.
Excessive insulin production or supplementation can lead to hypoglycemia. Some tumours can cause hypoglycemia because they produce chemicals similar to insulin. A tumour can also use up so much glucose that it doesn’t leave enough for the rest of the body.
People undergoing gastric bypass surgery can also suffer from hypoglycemia because they can eat less food than before the surgery.
Nesidioblastosis, a rare disease in which beta cells become enlarged, often leads to the overproduction of insulin. Beta cells produce insulin in the pancreas.
Make sure your blood sugar is balanced
People with diabetes need to maintain stable blood sugar levels. However, those who do not have diabetes should also avoid increasing their risk of developing the disease.
The glycemic index
The glycemic index (GI) can help people choose foods that don’t disrupt their blood sugar levels.
The index gives each food a value. Foods that cause blood sugar to rise dramatically, such as sweets and sugary desserts, have a high glycemic index.
Those who minimize fluctuations by slowly releasing energy do poorly.
Measured by glucose, which is 100 on the index, foods such as soft drinks, white bread, potatoes, and white rice have a high glycemic index. Foods like whole grain oats and certain fruits and plants have a lower glycemic index.
The glycemic load (GL) on the GI. It gives a picture of the overall impact of food serving on energy levels.
how to reduce blood sugar level immediately